Ukraine's Misguided Curbs on Freedom of Expression
Ukraine recently banned the import of Antony Beevorâs 1998 bestselling history book on the battle of Stalingrad, the latest in a series of misguided steps allegedly to promote ânational securityâ that violate freedom of expression in ridiculous ways.
The government said Beevorâs book fell afoul of a 2016 law banning the import, for commercial purposes, of âpropagandaâ encroaching on Ukrainian sovereignty and security. The offending passage relates to the August 1941 execution of 90 Jewis h orphans in Belaya Tserkov, allegedly carried out by Ukrainian militias. A Ukrainian official with the agency that put Stalingrad on the list of banned books claimed Beevorâs source was, âreports of the Soviet Peopleâs Commissariat for Internal Affairs.â Beevor said his source is an anti-Nazi German officer.
Bookshops in Ukraine can import and sell English-language editions of Stalingrad, just not the Russian-language edition published in Russia. Individuals can bring up to 10 copies of the book into Ukraine.
Ukrainian officials have every right to freely debate the facts about the 1941 atrocity, but they donât have the right to freely ban content. The fact that itâs fine to sell other editions of Stalingrad shows that at times the governmentâs decisions about banning content have nothing to do with legitimate national security concerns. It also reveals the assertion about Beevor's source as a flimsy excuse.
The rea l goal is to ban books published in Russia, and itâs embarrassing that authorities are willing to go as far as accuse a well-established historian of bias to justify it. The edition appeared on the ban list on January 10 along with 25 other books, all published in Russia, including a famous Russian authorâs history of Russia and a book about Emperor Nicholas IIâs affair with a ballerina.
Beevor has called the ban utterly outrageous, and heâs right. It is also, sadly, consistent with other steps the government has taken to restrict free expression, justifying them by the need to counter Russiaâs military aggression in eastern Ukraine and anti-Ukraine propaganda.
A May 2017 presidential decree banned major Russian companies and their websites from operating in Ukraine, targeting Russian social media used by millions of Ukrainians daily, language and accounting software, and other online businesses.
In July and August, Ukraineâs security services expell ed or denied entry to several foreign journalists â" three from Russia and two from Spain â" for allegedly engaging in anti-Ukrainian âpropaganda.â
Ukraine is fighting a war in its eastern region against Russia-backed armed groups, and Crimea remains occupied by Russia. The government has rights and reasons to protect Ukraineâs security. Arbitrarily banning speech isnât among them.Source: Google News Ukraine | Netizen 24 Ukraine